Are you missing one or more teeth? If so, you may be considering dental implants as a replacement option. Dental implants are a relatively new and increasingly popular way to replace missing teeth. They are a safe and effective way to restore your smile and keep your confidence and health intact. In this article, we'll discuss the three common types of dental implants: endosteal, subperiosteal, and zygomatic.
Endosteal implants are the most common type of dental implant. They are made of titanium and are inserted into the jawbone. Screws, cylinders, and blades hold the teeth of patients who have bridges or removable dentures. The small titanium root, such as the screw, is placed in the jawbone, which then supports the replacement tooth.
Endosteal implants are the safest and most common type of implant, followed by subperiosteal and then zygomatic, the last and most complex.The opposite of endosteal implants are subperiosteal implants, which are placed in the bone. This is often the implant of choice when there isn't enough bone to hold the implant. They are placed on or above the jawbone to support the replacement tooth. All-on-4 dental implants are usually a viable option for adults who want to avoid dentures.
A small titanium screw is placed in the jaw to replace the root of the missing tooth. Once this is done, a crown is connected, and the end result is a functional and very real looking tooth. These are known as “all-on-4” implants because 4 implants are used per jaw.Overdentures with implants are a great alternative to traditional dentures for those who are healthy enough to extract a tooth. Overdentures are placed on top of implants, which can add stability compared to traditional dentures.
The benefits of overdentures usually include making it easier to chew food, improving speech, minimizing discomfort, no more denture adhesives, and existing dentures can often be used.Single-tooth dental implants replace an entire missing tooth from root to crown. If you're missing one or several teeth that aren't adjacent to each other, then a single-tooth dental implant may be your best option. When you have several adjacent teeth missing, an implant-supported bridge may be your best option. Now, instead of the crowns adhering to the teeth, an implant-supported bridge has crowns that connect to the dental implants.
The process is similar to that of a single-tooth dental implant.However, teeth that are missing in the middle of the space will not receive a dental implant. The benefits of an implant-supported bridge are that it can safely replace several missing teeth in a row without the cost of replacing each tooth.If you're missing most or all of your teeth in an arch (upper or lower), an implant-held denture may be your best option. The best dental implants are endostial implants, which cross the gums and reach the bone. The most common endosteal implant is a cylinder-type implant, a titanium screw that is inserted into a pre-drilled hole in the jaw.
After recovering from tooth extraction, the screw acts as an artificial root.An endosteal implant (root-shaped implant) is made with titanium, small screws and alloplastic material, which refers to an artificial tissue graft. Endosteal implants are surgically inserted into the jawbone and over time attach to natural bone. However, they are a better option for people with insufficient natural jaws to support endosteal implants.If you take care of your replacement tooth and practice good oral hygiene, it can last 15 to 25 years, sometimes longer. Some people have their implants replaced sooner because of cosmetic problems.
It is estimated that between 5 and 10 percent of dental implants fail.A two-stage implant is often needed with endosteal implants and requires two separate surgical procedures to complete the entire procedure. The downside is that not all teeth will receive an implant and therefore some bone mass will be lost.A subperiosteal implant is a rare procedure reserved for patients with a narrow or weak jaw who cannot support a cylindrical implant. Once the implant has successfully fused with the jawbone, a second procedure is necessary to expose the abutment and fix the artificial tooth.The good news is that bridges and dentures are no longer your only options if you have a missing tooth. The false tooth then attaches to the abutment creating a set of strong teeth that look and feel natural.By keeping your smile intact these types of dental implants keep your confidence and your health intact.